Location / position
  • Right hypochondrium

  • Tip of the 9 th costal cartilage in the mid-clavicular line

  • where the linear semilunaris meets the costal margin.

  • Visceral surface of liver

  • Along right edge of the quadrate lobe of the liver.

Superior surface is in contact with the liver.

Its inferior and fundus in contact with:

  • Transverse colon
  • Superior part of the duodenum
  • Anterior abdominal wall.

The neck of the gall bladdes tapers towards the porta hepatis.

The epiploic foramen lies immediately to its left.


Peritoneal relations  
  • Covered on the posterior and inferior surfaces by peritoneum.
  • Occasionally, the gall bladder is completely invested with peritoneum, and may be connected to the liver by a short mesentry.

Blood supply  

Arterial :

Cystic artery commonly a branch of the right hepatic between hepatic duct and cystic duct. The origin and course of this artery is variable. It may arise from:

  • Common hepatic
  • Left hepatic
  • Superior epigastric
  • Left gastric
  • Left hepatic
  • Gastroduodenal
  • Superior mesenteric
  • Coeliac trunk

It commonly runs posterior to hepatic duct, but may run anterior .


Veins :  

Those from the ducts and neck of gall bladder join veins which connect the

  • Gastric
  • Duodenal
  • Pancreatic
  • Portal vein
  • Some go to the liver directly.

  1. Cystic node at the neck of the gall bladder.
  2. Node of epiploic foramen hepatic nodes coeliac lymph nodes

  1. Sensory innervation - phrenic nerve
  2. Sympathetic - coeliac plexus
  3. Parasympathetic - vagus

Organs of supracolic compartment