• Extends between the right hypochondrium and epigastric regions.

  • Pyramidal in shape, with its base on the right side.

  • it has only two surfaces, diaphragmatic and visceral.



Visceral relations of the liver


  • Visceral surface faces downwards, posteriorly and to the left.

  • This surface is related to:

    (+) Anterior wall of the stomach
    (+) Pyloric part;
    (+) Superior part of the duodenum;
    (+) Right colic flexure,
    (+) Upper pole of the right kidney and
    (+) Right suprarenal.
    (+) Oesophagus
    (+) Gall bladder


  • The most obvious structure on the visceral surface of the liver is the portal hepatis .

This contains/transmits;

  • Hepatic artery
  • Portal veins
  • Common hepatic duct
  • Lymphatics, lymph nodes
  • Autonomic nerve plexus



The diaphragmatic relations


The diaphragmatic relations surface is moulded to the undersurface of the diaphragm separating it from:

  • Pericardium and heart
  • Right Lung and pleura
  • Right costodiaphragmatic recess.

Peritoneal relations



  • Two layers of the falciform ligament connect the diaphragm and upper anterior abdominal wall to the diaphragmatic surface, just to the right of the median plane.

  • The falciform ligament contains ligamentum teres and the paraumbilical veins.

  • At the reflection onto the liver, the layers of the falciform ligament separate.

  • To the right it forms the upper leaf of the right triangular ligament (coronary ligament) on the left, it continues as the left triangular ligament.

Bare area of liver  
  • The liver is in direct contact with the diaphragm between the leaves of the right triangular ligament.

  • This part of the liver is called the bare area of the liver.

  • It is a peritoneum-free triangular area, between the two layers of the coronary ligament, and is loosely attached to the diaphragm.

note:  RCL: Right coronary ligament

         RTL: Right triangular ligament

         BA: Bare area,

Organs of the supracolic compartment