Superiorly: Iliac crest

Medially: Natal cleft

Inferiorly: Gluteal fold

Laterally: Curved line joining anterior superior iliac spine, greater trochanter and lateral end of gluteal fold.

Anteriorly: A curved line between anterior superior iliac spine and greater trochanter.


Palpable Landmarks



  • Iliac crest
  • Anterior superior iliac spine
  • Greater trochanter
  • Dorsal sacrum and coccyx
  • Posterior superior iliac spine. This is at the level of: 2nd sacral spine.
  • The middle of sacroiliac joint marked by a skin dimple.


Cutaneous Nerves
  • Subcostal
  • Iliohypogastric
  • Posterior branch of lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh.
  • Posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh.
  • Dorsal rami of L1-3; S1-3.

Gluteal Fascia
  • Encloses gluteus maximus and tensor fascia lata.
  • Covers gluteus medius.
  • Bound to skin below gluteus maximus to produce the gluteal fold.
  • Continuous with fascia lata.

Draw crossection at great trochanter and show extents of gluteal fascia.


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Gluteal region and back of the thigh