Femoral Nerve


Begins from the posterior divisions of ventral rami of L2 , L3, L4 lumbar plexus.


  • Exits abdomen deep to inguinal ligament.
  • Lateral to femoral artery, outside femoral sheath.
  • Found in groove between psoas major and iliacus.

Branches and distribution :

Divides into superficial and deep branches separated by lateral circumflex artery.

Superficial branches

  • Intermediate cutaneous nerve of the thigh
  • Medial cutaneous nerve of the thigh
  • Muscular branches to the sartorius and pectineus

Deep Branches

  • Muscular branches to rectus femoris, vastus medialis, intermedius and lateralis
  • Saphenous nerve

Note: The saphenous nerve is the only continuation of the femoral nerve beyond the adductor canal.

What is meralgia paraesthetica?


Organization of the thigh